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Volume 5 , Issue 3
May/June 1992

Pages 227-236

Dentin Exposure and Decay Incidence When Removable Partial Denture Rest Seats Are Prepared in Tooth Structure


PMID: 1524645

Prosthodontists surveyed preferred inverted V-shaped canine cingulum ledge rest seats located at the junction of the middle and cervical thirds of the lingual surface. Most respondents indicated that they preferred a ledge depth of at least 1.0 mm and indicated that their preparations usually did not extend into dentin. When the respondents evaluated various ledge depths, the mean depth of those judged adequate was 0.74 mm, which was less than the respondent and textbook recommendations. Premolar occlusal rest seats judged adequate generally met textbook size guidelines. The mean clinical incidence of dentin exposure with cingulum ledges and occlusal rest seats was 61%, close to the 55% exposure rate found on extracted teeth. Dentin Detector Gel effectively identified clinical dentin exposure but tooth sensitivity was not a good indicator of dentin exposure. Seventy-one of the 107 rest seats studied for incidence of caries and decalcification had exposed dentin but only two of the 71 had lesions. Ten of the 107 had small enamel fractures, primarily occurring on cingulum ledges.

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