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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: IJP
The International Journal of Prosthodontics

Edited by George A. Zarb, BChD, DDS, MS, MS, FRCD(C)

ISSN 0893-2174

July/August 1995
Volume 8 , Issue 4

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Mechanical Property and Microstructural Variations for Recast Low-Gold Alloy


Pages: 346-350
PMID: 7575977

Using polystyrene plastic patterns meeting the imensional requirements of ANSI/ADA specification no. 5, tension test specimens were recast multiple times from a popular Type 111 gold (46%) alloy. The alloy was melted by electrical heating in a graphite crucible and four conditions were compared: new alloy and alloy cast two, three, and four times (n=4). After casting, agehardened specimens were loaded at an elongation rate of .5 mm/min until failure, and the stress-strain plots were recorded. Values of yield strength tensile strength, and percentage elongation for the specimen groups were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance, followed by the Student-Newman-Keuls multiple range test. Significant decreases (P<.01) in yield strength and percentage elongation occurred with recasting, although there were no significant differences (P>.05) in tensile strength. Scanning electronmicroscope examination revealed that the number of casting defects increased with remelting, and that their presence dominates the tensile fracture process. The variation in mechanical properties of the alloy with remelting was attributed to these casting defects.

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