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The International Journal of Prosthodontics

Edited by George A. Zarb, BChD, DDS, MS, MS, FRCD(C)

ISSN 0893-2174

March/April 2002
Volume 15 , Issue 2

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Investigation of the Fracture Resistance of Three Types of Zirconia Posts in All-Ceramic Post-and-Core Restorations

Seung-Mi Jeong, DDS, PhD, Klaus Ludwig, Dr Rer Nat, PhD, Matthias Kern, DDS, PhD

Pages: 154158
PMID: 11951805

Purpose: All-ceramic post-and-core restorations offer a number of advantages compared with systems that use metal cores. In certain clinical cases, however, fractures at the junction between the post and the core have been reported. The objective is therefore to improve the strength between the post and the core. Materials and Methods: Three different methods were used to fabricate all-ceramic post-and-core restorations: pressing IPS Empress cores directly to CosmoPost zirconia posts, adhesively luting IPS Empress cores to CosmoPost zirconia posts, and Celay milling In-Ceram zirconia blanks to onepiece post-and-core restorations. Ten restorations were prepared with each of the three methods. The post-and-core complexes were tested to failure with the load applied perpendicular to the post axis. The load and deflection at fracture were recorded. Results: The highest breaking load and highest deflection were recorded for the luting technique, with values of 25.3 N and 394 m, respectively. The corresponding values for the pressed cores and the milled zirconia cores were 22 N and 301 m, and 13 N and 160 m. All differences were statistically significant at P <.05. Regarding the load dependence of the deflection, the luted cores again demonstrated the highest mean value, with 15.5 m/N, while this value was 13.6 m/N and 13 m/N for the pressed-on and milled cores, respectively.These differences were not statistically significant. Conclusion: Adhesively luted all-ceramic cores on zirconia posts offer a viable alternative to the conventional pressed technique. Int J Prosthodont 2002;15:154158.

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