Purpose: All-ceramic post-and-core restorations offer a number of advantages compared with systems that use metal cores. In certain clinical cases, however, fractures at the junction between the post and the core have been reported. The objective is therefore to
improve the strength between the post and the core. Materials and Methods: Three different methods were used to fabricate all-ceramic post-and-core restorations: pressing IPS Empress cores directly to CosmoPost zirconia posts, adhesively luting IPS Empress cores to CosmoPost zirconia posts, and Celay milling In-Ceram zirconia blanks to onepiece post-and-core restorations. Ten restorations were prepared with each of the three methods. The post-and-core complexes were tested to failure with the load applied
perpendicular to the post axis. The load and deflection at fracture were recorded. Results: The highest breaking load and highest deflection were recorded for the luting technique, with values of 25.3 N and 394 µm, respectively. The corresponding values for the pressed cores and the milled zirconia cores were 22 N and 301 µm, and 13 N and 160 µm. All
differences were statistically significant at P <.05. Regarding the load dependence of the deflection, the luted cores again demonstrated the highest mean value, with 15.5 µm/N, while this value was 13.6 µm/N and 13 µm/N for the pressed-on and milled cores, respectively.These differences were not statistically significant. Conclusion: Adhesively luted all-ceramic cores on zirconia posts offer a viable alternative to the conventional pressed technique. Int J Prosthodont 2002;15:154–158.