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Volume 9 , Issue 4
July/August 1996

Pages 315-322

New high-palladium casting alloys: Studies of the interface with porcelain


PMID: 8957869

This investigation studied the metal ceramic interface for two representative high-palladium alloys each of the Pd-Cu-Ga and Pd-Ga systems, using scanning electron microscopy and x-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy. The Pd-Cu-Ga alloys produced complex subsurface oxidation regions with thicknesses ranging from 15 to 20 um for one alloy and 5 to 10 um for the other alloy. Ga, In, and Sn accumulated at the interfaces, and Ga-rich deposits were found in the subsurface scale. One Pd-Ga alloy presented a surface oxidation region which dissolved in the ceramic, producing islands rich in Pd and Ga with a width that ranged from 1 to 2 um. These islands were separated from the alloy by a band rich in Ga and Si which was 1 to 2.5 um thick. While the other Pd-Ga alloy presented similar interfacial microstructures, the islands formed for this alloy were relatively sparse. The Pd-Cu-Ga alloys had a more favorable interface for metal ceramic bonding, which agrees with previous characterization of bond failures beteen these alloys and dental porcelain.

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