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Volume 9 , Issue 2
March/April 1996

Pages 117-130

The Relationship Between Abutment Taper and Resistance of Cemented Crowns to Dynamic Loading


PMID: 8639233

This study investigated the relationship between abutment total occlusal convergence angle (taper) and the resistance of cemented crowns subjected to dynamic loading. Crown and abutment analogs were placed using zinc-oxide-eugenol, zinc-phosphate, glass-ionomer, or resin composite cement. Total occlusal convergence angles of 2.5, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, and 40 degrees were tested. Dynmic stresses were applied to the luted components until the bond failed for the components reached 10 6 load cycles. The data were analyzed using the staircase technique. The relationship between convergence and resistance was approximately linear for all the cements tested. Crowns luted with resin composite cement were more resistant to dynamic lateral loding than those placed using glass-ionomer or zinc-phosphate cements. Crowns luted with zinc-oxide-eugenol cement presented the least resistance to cyclic lateral stresses.

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