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Volume 10 , Issue 5
September/October 1997

Pages 415-425

Wear Resistance of Four Luting Agents as a Function of Marginal Gap Distance, Cement Type, and Restorative Material


PMID: 9495160

This study investigated the effect of marginal gap width, luting cement, and restorative material on the wear resistance of the luting cement in areas where no occlusal contact is present. Three types of resin luting cement and one resin-modified glass-ionomer cement were used with two inlay systems, a resin composite, and an all-ceramic system. Bovine enamel represented tooth structure. Toothbrush abrasion was the wear modality. Three predetermined gap widths were selected: 240 +- 30 um, 150 +- 30 um, and 60 +- 30 um. All specimens were thermocycled. Re gardless of the luting cement or the restorative material, there was a significant difference (P < 0.05) in wear resistance of the cement among the three gap distances at both the enamel and restoration interface. Vertical wear of the luting cement at the enamel interface increased linearly with marginal gap distance when all four cements were considered together (r to the second power > 0.51), regardless of type of restorative material used. The resin-modifed glass-ionomer cement showed the least amount of wear for all variables considered. Significant differences in wear were found between the four luting cements at wide gap distances (240 um) at the enamel interface, regardless of type of restorative material used. No significant differences were found between the two restorative materials at the enamel interface at the three gap distances.

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