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Volume 10 , Issue 2
March/April 1997

Pages 136-141


Surface Layer Characterization After Dual Ion Exchange of a Leucite-Reinforced Dental Porcelain

Holloway/Denry/Rosenstiel


PMID: 9206453

The dual ion-exchange technique has been shown to improve the strength of feldspathic dental porcelains by first replacing constituent alkali ions with smaller ions above the strain point, and then exchanging the smaller ions for larger ions at temperatures below the strain point. The strength increase is directly related to the thickness of the surface-exchanged layer. This study evaluated the thickness of the exchanged layer after dual ion exchange of a leucite-reinforced dental porcelain. Optec HSP porcelain disks were fabricated, submitted to a dual ion-exchange treatment, and indented at various loads before determining the biaxial flexure strength. The mean flexural strength for the ion-exchanged groups was significantly higher than for control groups, except when the depth of the median crack exceeded 138 um. Wavelength Disp ersive Spectrometry analyses on cross sections shoed that the mean potassium amount in the glassy matrix was significantly lower (P < .001) for the treated specimens than for the controls. The mean thickness of the exchanged lay er after dual ion exchange was estimated at 140 um.


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