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Volume 10 , Issue 1
January/February 1997

Pages 19-27

Finite Element Analysis Study of the Effect of Superstructure Material on Stress Distribution in an Implant-Supported Fixed Prosthesis


PMID: 9484066

This study used three-dimensional finite element analysis to investigate the effect of three different occlusal surface materials (resin, resin composite, and porcelain) and four different framework materials (gold, silver-palladium , cobalt-chromium, titanium alloys) on the stress distribution in a six-implant-supported mandibular fixed prosthesis and surrounding bone. A total of 172 N vertical load was distirbuted over the entire occlusal surface of the finite element model. Generated stress values were calculated in the occlusal surface material, framework, prosthesis retaining screws, implants, and surrounding cortical and spongy bones. The results obtained demonstrated that using a prosthesis superstructure material with a lower elastic modulus (1) did not lead to substandial differences in stress patterns nor in values at the cortical and spongy bones surrounding the implants; and (2) concentrated stresses in the retaining scres for the prosthesis and thus increased the potential risk of prosthesis failure. For the single loading condition ivestigated, the optimal combination of materials was found to be cobalt-chromium for the framework and porcelain for the occlusal surface

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