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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: IJP
The International Journal of Prosthodontics

Edited by George A. Zarb, BChD, DDS, MS, MS, FRCD(C)

ISSN 0893-2174

Publication:
September/October 1998
Volume 11 , Issue 5

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The Implant-Mucosal Interface and Its Role in the Long-Term Success of Endosseous Oral Implants: A Review of the Literature

Koka

Pages: 421-432
PMID: 9922734

Purpose: This article reviews the literature on the anatomy and the role of the implant-mucosal interface in the long-term success of oral endosseous implants. Materials and Methods: In vitro, in vivo animal, and in vivo human studies are reviewed and discussed. Results: The anatomy of the implant-mucosal interface is described. The interface shares many features with periodontal mucosa. A clinically healthy implant-mucosal interface is a routine and predictable occurrence. The validity of using traditional clinical periodontal parameters to indicate or predict changes in peri-implant marginal bone height is unproven, especially if inflamed mucosal tissues are present. Conclusion: In general, the human host response of peri-implant mucosa to long-term functional challenges if favorable.

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