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Volume 11 , Issue 5
September/October 1998

Pages 421-432


The Implant-Mucosal Interface and Its Role in the Long-Term Success of Endosseous Oral Implants: A Review of the Literature

Koka


PMID: 9922734

Purpose: This article reviews the literature on the anatomy and the role of the implant-mucosal interface in the long-term success of oral endosseous implants. Materials and Methods: In vitro, in vivo animal, and in vivo human studies are reviewed and discussed. Results: The anatomy of the implant-mucosal interface is described. The interface shares many features with periodontal mucosa. A clinically healthy implant-mucosal interface is a routine and predictable occurrence. The validity of using traditional clinical periodontal parameters to indicate or predict changes in peri-implant marginal bone height is unproven, especially if inflamed mucosal tissues are present. Conclusion: In general, the human host response of peri-implant mucosa to long-term functional challenges if favorable.


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