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Volume 12 , Issue 6
November/December 1999

Pages 519-526

Outcome of Single-Unit Metal-Ceramic Crowns

Terry R. Walton, BDS, MDSc (Syd), MS (Mich), FRACDS

PMID: 10815605

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to report on the clinical characteristics and outcome of 688 single-unit metal-ceramic crowns placed in a specialist prosthodontic practice between January 1984 and December 1992. Materials and Methods: Clinical and laboratory techniques were standardized and patients were recalled by the author between June and December of 1993. The outcome of all crowns was allocated to one of 6 fields in this assessment period. Results: Clinical review examination by the author covered 87% of the crowns. Of these, 52% had been in service for 5 to 10 years and 48% for less than 5 years but more than 1 year; 67% of the crowns were placed on vital teeth and 94% were given a ’good prognosis’ rating at examination. The repair and failure rates of crowns in the 5 to 10 years in clinical service group were both 3%. Crowns on nonvital teeth in the same grouping had a significantly greater failure rate (5%) than crowns on vital teeth (1%), and anterior teeth had a significantly greater retreatment rate than posterior teeth. Retreatment for all 25 crowns occurred within 66 months after cementation. Tooth fracture accounted for 56% of retreatments, while caries and loss of retention accounted for only 24% of retreatments; 2% of initially vital teeth were endodontically treated during the survey period. Conclusion: Single-unit metal-ceramic crowns have a high expectancy of exceeding 10 years of clinical service when the described clinical and laboratory protocol is applied.

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