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Volume 12 , Issue 1
January/February 1999

Pages 59-64

Correlation of Topography to Bond Strength of Etched Ceramic


PMID: 10196829

Purpose: Bonding techniques are commonly used today to ensure the durability of porcelain laminate veneers and ceramic inlay-onlays, which are esthetically pleasing solutions to the problem of dental restoration. Acid etching and silanization of porcelain have been widely used to enhance the retention between bonding resins and ceramic restorations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of surface modifications with 10% hydrofluoric acid gel and a coupling agent (a dual component silane) on the bond strength of 2 dental feldspathic ceramics (GC and PVS) bonded with an unfilled resin (Super-Bond). Material and Methods: Eighty samples of GC and eighty samples of PVS were built for a mechanical study. Mechanical tests were conducted using a Lloyd T 6000 R tensile machine, which determined the bond strengths of the 2 ceramics after different surface treatments (etching or silanization). In the next part of the study, 10 surfaces of GC and 10 surfaces of PVS were studied with a scanning mechanical microscope to evaluate the action of hydrofluoric acid gel on the roughness of the 2 ceramics. Results: Etching ceramic with hydrofluoric acid gel increased the developed surface of feldspathic ceramics, especially for PVS, but this treatment was not sufficient to obtain the highest shear bond strength. The highly positive influence of silanization was shown, particularly for GC ceramic bonded with an unfilled resin. Conclusion: Silane combined with the action of hydrofluoric acid gel is the most effective surface treatment for ceramic.

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