Home Subscription Services

The International Journal of Prosthodontics
IJP Home Page
About the Editor
Editorial Board
Accepted Manuscripts
Author Guidelines
Submission Form
Reprints / Articles
Quintessence Publishing: Journals: IJP
The International Journal of Prosthodontics

Edited by George A. Zarb, BChD, DDS, MS, MS, FRCD(C)

ISSN 0893-2174

January/February 1999
Volume 12 , Issue 1

Share Abstract:

Effects of Cyclic Loading on the Strength of All-Ceramic Materials


Pages: 28-37
PMID: 10196825

Purpose: To investigate the effects of fatigue on the strength of materials used in all-ceramic crowns, the biaxial flexural strength of all-ceramic restorative materials was measured with precracked and laminated specimens after cyclic loading. Materials and Methods: Two types of all-ceramic systems were used to prepare specimens: a glass-infiltrated alumina core system (In-Ceram) and a leucite-reinforced feldspathic porcelain system (IPS-Empress). Monolayer and laminated disks with a diameter of about 11.75 mm and a thickness of 1.20 +- 0.05 mm were prepared. The biaxial flexural strength of the specimens that were polished and/or created with a precrack was measured. Their strength was also measured following cyclic loading. A cyclic load that was 60% of the mean breaking load of the specimens (before cyclic loading) was applied to specimens for 10 to the fifth power cycles in 37 degrees C water. Results: Although 20% to 30% of the polished specimen samples fractured during cyclic loading, the biaxial flexural strength of specimens that survived the cyclic loading was nearly the same as that of specimens not subjected to the cyclic loading. The strength of the alumina system decreased with the introduction of precracks, and nearly all specimens fractured during cyclic loading. The strength of the leucite system, however, did not decrease with the presence of precracks, and no fractures were observed on these specimens during cyclic loading. Conclusion: These results suggest that although the alumina system has high flexural strength, it is more sensitive to flaws and susceptible to fatigue fracture. The effect of fatigue on the leucite system appears to be lo

Full Text PDF File | Order Article


Get Adobe Reader
Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view PDF files. This is a free program available from the Adobe web site.
Follow the download directions on the Adobe web site to get your copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader.
  © 2015 Quintessence Publishing Co Inc

Home | Subscription Services | Books | Journals | Multimedia | Events | Blog
Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | About Us | Contact Us | Advertising | Help | Sitemap | Catalog