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Volume 13 , Issue 6
November/December 2000

Pages 526-521

An Investigation of Self-Reinforced Poly(methyl methacrylate) Denture Base Acrylic Resin Using Scanning Electron and Atomic Force Microscopy

Daryll C. Jagger, BDS, MSc, Ph D, FDS RCS/Alan Harrison, TD, BDS, PhD, FDS RCS/Klaus D. Jandt, Dipl Phys, Dr Rer Nat, FLF AvH

PMID: 11203680

Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the interfacial region of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) reinforced with untreated and surface-treated PMMA fibers in both chopped and continuous form using scanning electron and atomic force microscopy. Materials and Methods: Acrylic resin specimens incorporating untreated and surface-treated (with butadiene styrene latex emulsion) PMMA fibers were examined using a scanning electron microscope and an atomic force microscope. Results: There was evidence of random arrangement of untreated and surface-treated chopped fibers throughout specimens with areas of dense fiber aggregation and other areas containing few or no fibers. For the untreated and surface-treated fibers in continuous forms (a single and 2 unidirectional layers), there was evidence of fiber displacement and buckling, together with variation in interfiber spacing. For the specimens containing surface-treated continuous fibers in a cross-ply arrangement that had demonstrated a substantial improvement in the modulus of rupture, there was no evidence of fiber buckling, and the layer of butadiene styrene was consistently thin and even in comparison to weaker specimens. Conclusion: The thickness of the rubber layer and the fiber arrangement (in terms of fiber displacement and interfiber spacing) may be important factors in the success of the reinforcement.

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