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Volume 13 , Issue 6
November/December 2000

Pages 487-493

Water Sorption and Dimensional Changes of Denture Base Polymer Reinforced with Glass Fibers in Continuous Unidirectional and Woven Form

Neset Ertas al, DDS, PhD/Nur Hersek, DDS, PhD/Erdal Sahin, DDS, PhD

PMID: 11203674

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the dimensional accuracy and water sorption of a denture base polymer that was reinforced with glass fibers in continuous unidirectional and woven form in different weight fractions. Materials and Methods: Ten rhombic brass plates were prepared with reference points, and 70 heat-cured denture base polymer specimens were produced using these brass models. Ten of 70 were used for controls, and 60 were reinforced with glass fibers in continuous parallel and woven form. The dimensional changes of polymer and fiber-reinforced composite specimens after processing, drying for 4 days at 37C, and storage in 37C water for 90 days were calculated by the change of the distance vector. The measurements were made between the reference points on the specimens and were compared with those on the brass model at 4 different stages. The water sorption calculations were made at 10 different time intervals on 70 specimens, which were immersed in a 37C distilled water bath and weighed. Results: The polymerization shrinkage and water sorption of denture base polymers is lower when the specimens are reinforced with glass fibers in continuous unidirectional and woven form. The highest fiber content showed the smallest dimensional change (0.069 mm, or 0.25%), and the unreinforced group showed the largest change (0.139 mm, or 0.54%). Water sorption occurred mainly during the first 14 days. Conclusion: As the fiber content increases, the dimensional change and water sorption decrease.

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