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Volume 13 , Issue 5
September/October 2000

Pages 405-408

Comparison of Marginal Fit of 3 Different Metal-Ceramic Systems: An In Vitro Study

Denis Pettenò, DDS/Gianmario Schierano, MD, DDS/Francesco Bassi, MD, DDS/Mario E. Bresciano, DDS/Stefano Carossa, MD, DDS

PMID: 11203662

Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the marginal adaptation of metal-ceramic crowns made with 3 different metal substructures. Materials and Methods: Seventy-five gypsum dies were fabricated from a master steel die. They were randomly divided into 3 groups of 25 dies each. A metal coping was prepared on each die using a different technique for each group: composite alloy, electroforming, and cast high-noble alloy. Ceramic was baked on all of the samples following the same protocol and simulating the shape and size of a maxillary central incisor. All specimens were evaluated under a stereomicroscope at 2003 magnification. The marginal gap was measured at 8 different points on each specimen before and after ceramic application and also on the master steel die. A total of 3,600 measurements was evaluated. The results were statistically elaborated by means of a t test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results: The ANOVA revealed a significant difference in mean marginal gap before and after ceramic application within each group. Electroforming (mean 32 µm) and high-noble alloy (mean 31 µm) showed better marginal fit after ceramic application and on the master steel die compared to composite alloy (mean 68 µm; P < 0.0001). Conclusion: Marginal gaps are influenced by the application of ceramic and by the alloy used for the substructure, and the values obtained were within the limits of clinical acceptability (70 µm).

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