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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: IJP
The International Journal of Prosthodontics

Edited by George A. Zarb, BChD, DDS, MS, MS, FRCD(C)

ISSN 0893-2174

Publication:
July/August 2000
Volume 13 , Issue 4

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Cytotoxic Effect of Methyl Methacrylate on 4 Cultured Fibroblasts

Masayuki Taira, PhD/Hiroyuki Nakao, DDS/Takuya Matsumoto, DDS/Junzo Takahashi, Deng

Pages: 311-315
PMID: 11203647

Purpose: The objective of this study was to examine the cytotoxic effect of methyl methacrylate (MMA) monomer on 4 mammalian fibroblasts. Materials and Methods: Four cells--C3H10T1/2, L929, Balb/3T3 clone A31, and MC3T3-E1--were incubated for 6 days in 24-well microplates filled with 1 mL of Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle medium containing MMA monomer that ranged from 0 to 200 mM/L. Cytotoxicity was evaluated by direct cell number count. Results: L929 possessed the largest TC50 value (the amount of MMA that caused 50% cell death) (34 mM/L), and Balb/3T3 clone A31 had the least value (1 mM/L); C3H10T1/2 and MC3T3-E1 had intermediate values (25 mM/L and 16 mM/L, respectively). Conclusion: This study showed that the MMA monomer had dose-dependent cytotoxicity, which varied among the cells tested.

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