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Volume 13 , Issue 2
March/April 2000

Pages 141-147

Water Sorption and Flexural Properties of a Composite Resin Cement

Ulf Írtengren, LDS/Ulrika Elgh, LDS/Vesna Spasenoska, LDS/Percy Milleding, LDS/Johan Haasum/Stig Karlsson, LDS, Odont Dr

PMID: 11203623

Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the water sorption and determine the influence of water on flexural properties of a composite resin cement of 2 different viscosities. Materials and Methods: A dual-cured composite resin cement of 2 different viscosities was tested according to International Standards Organization standards for dental composite materials. The samples tested for water sorption were stored in distilled water for 7 or 60 days. The samples tested for flexural properties were divided into 2 groups and stored either wet in distilled water or dry for 1, 7, or 60 days. After storage, a flexural test was performed with 3-point bending equipment. Results: A significant increase in water sorption for both viscosities was registered as the storage time increased, but no significant difference between the 2 viscosities was recorded. Significantly lower strength and modulus were found for specimens that were wet stored for 60 days compared with the dry-stored ones, and significant changes in deflection at break were also registered. There were no differences in flexural properties between the 2 viscosities. Because of the lubricant and plasticizing effect of water on composite resin materials, the secant modulus and deflection at break seem to be valid methods to describe the complete deflection behavior. Conclusion: Water has an important effect on the flexural properties of composite resin cement after 60 days of storage time. No significant differences in water sorption and flexural properties were found between the high and low viscosities of the composite resin cement studied.

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