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Volume 22 , Issue 6
November/December 2009

Pages 616–619

Zirconia Implant Abutment Fracture: Clinical Case Reports and Precautions for Use

Moustafa N. Aboushelib, DDS, MSc, PhDa/Ziad Salameh, DDS, PhDb

PMID: 19918599

Purpose: Zirconia was recently introduced as a ceramic implant abutment due to its superior mechanical properties and white color. Nevertheless, it requires careful handling to avoid unexpected failure. The aim of this study was to examine five clinically broken zirconia implant abutments using fractography principles. Materials and Methods: Five clinically fractured zirconia abutments were retrieved for fractographic analysis. The specimens were cleaned, sterilized, and reassembled to allow reconstruction of the broken abutments. Each fragment was gold sputter–coated and individually examined using scanning electron microscopy. The location of the crack origin was identified and the stress at failure was estimated using fracture marks observed on the broken surfaces. Results: For three abutments, the critical crack was located at the internal ring where the abutments met the internal metallic component. The estimated stress at failure ranged between 978 and 1,228 MPa. Friction landmarks were observed on the surface of the fixation screw, which could be responsible for the generation of high internal stresses. Two abutments broke due to overpreparation and thinning of the lateral walls. Conclusion: A confirmatory radiograph is recommended before the final zirconia abutments are screwed into place to prevent improper seating and the generation of damaging internal stresses. Int J Prosthodont 2009;22:616–619.

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