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Volume 14 , Issue 6
November/December 2001

Pages 536-542

A Longitudinal Study on Mandibular Implants Supporting an Overdenture: The Influence of Retention Mechanism and Anatomic-Prosthetic Variables on Periimplant Parameters

Matthias Oetterli, Dr Med Dent, Peter Kiener, Dr Med Dent, Regina Mericske-Stern, Dr Med Dent

PMID: 12066700

Purpose: The aim of this 5-year longitudinal study was to investigate the influence of the retention mechanism for overdenture fixation on the periimplant parameters of mandibular implants. Materials and Methods: Ninety edentulous patients, each with two interforaminal implants supporting an overdenture, participated in the study. They had received either a straight or slightly bent round clip bar, a U-shaped rigid bar with or without distal extensions, or single-ball anchors. Anatomic-morphologic and prosthetic variables were assessed related to the implant position and the type of overdenture retention. The degree of mandibular atrophy was determined using cephalometric radiographs. The angle β between the virtual axis connecting both implants and the mandibular hinge axis was measured on mounted casts. A supporting surface was identified between bent clip bars and U-shaped extension bars. Clinical periimplant parameters were recorded, and changes of the probing attachment level after 5 years were analyzed in 70 patients with respect to the retention device and anatomic-morphologic and prosthetic variables. Results: A significant increase of the Plaque Index was observed after 5 years. The mean clinical attachment loss after 5 years was about 0.2 mm. In more than 50%, β was small, ie, 5 degrees. For these implants, loss of clinical attachment was significantly lower. The correlation between attachment loss and β was weak, while no significant correlation was found with regard to the degree of atrophy and surface. Conclusion: In view of the long observation period, it was concluded that the position and retention mechanism of mandibular implants supporting an overdenture have little influence on the long-term stability of the clinical parameters. Int J Prosthodont 2001;14:536C542.

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