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Volume 21 , Issue 3
May/June 2008

Pages 245–252

Quantitative Measurement of Tooth and Ceramic Wear: In Vivo Study

Maged K. Etman, DDS, MSc, MMedSc, PhD/Mark Woolford, BDS, FDSRCS, PhD/Stephen Dunne, BDS, FDSRCS, PhDc

PMID: 18548965

Purpose: The aim of this study was to quantitatively measure tooth and ceramic wear over a 2-year period using a novel superimposition technique. Three ceramic systems—experimental hot-pressed ceramic (EC), Procera AllCeram (PA), and metal-ceramic—were used. Materials and Methods: A total of 90 posterior crowns in 48 patients were randomized into 3 groups, and impressions were made at baseline and at 6-month intervals for 2 years. Clinical images were taken after using a dye to highlight surface changes. The impressions were digitized and modeled as superimposable 3-dimensional colored surface images. The depth of wear at the occlusal contact areas was quantitatively measured at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. Results: The quantitative evaluation showed more wear in Procera AllCeram at the occlusal contact areas, whereas the experimental and metal-ceramic systems showed less wear. There was a significant difference in the amount of enamel worn between all types of restorations (P < .05). There was a statistically significant difference (P < .05) in the mean depth of wear between all systems. Conclusions: The metal-ceramic and experimental systems showed less change, indicating improved wear resistance compared with Procera AllCeram. In addition, enamel opposing metal-ceramic and experimental crowns showed less wear compared to enamel opposed by Procera AllCeram crowns. Int J Prosthodont 2008;21:245–252.

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