Home Subscription Services

The International Journal of Prosthodontics
IJP Home Page
About the Editor
Editorial Board
Accepted Manuscripts
Author Guidelines
Submission Form
Reprints / Articles
Quintessence Publishing: Journals: IJP
The International Journal of Prosthodontics

Edited by George A. Zarb, BChD, DDS, MS, MS, FRCD(C)

ISSN 0893-2174

March/April 2008
Volume 21 , Issue 2

Share Abstract:

The Initial Effects of Occlusal Splint Vertical Thickness on the Nocturnal EMG Activities of Masticatory Muscles in Subjects with a Bruxism Habit

Hitoshi Abekura, DDS, PhD/Masahiko Yokomura, DDS, PhD/Shinsuke Sadamori, DDS, PhD/Taizo Hamada, DDS, PhD

Pages: 116120
PMID: 18546763

Purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate the initial effects of the vertical thickness of occlusal splints on the electromyographic (EMG) activities (integrated EMG values) of temporal and masseter muscles during sleep in subjects with a nocturnal bruxism habit using a portable EMG recorder. Materials and Methods: The subjects consisted of 12 volunteers (4 men and 8 women, average age of 25.3 years). All subjects had never worn splints before and had a habit of nocturnal bruxism. Two types of splint were made for every subject: a splint with a 3-mm vertical thickness at the central incisors (S3) and a splint with a 6-mm vertical thickness (S6). The muscle activities of the left anterior temporal muscles and masseter muscles were recorded without occlusal splints (NS), with the S3 splint, and with the S6 splint by a portable EMG recorder. The integrated EMG values were calculated to examine muscle activities under the 3 different conditions. Results: The integrated EMG values of masseter and temporal muscles decreased following insertion of the S3 splint but were not significantly affected by the S6 splint. Six subjects in masseter EMG and 7 subjects in temporal EMG got worse with the S6 splint compared to NS. Conclusions: When the occlusal splints were used as a bruxism countermeasure, it was suggested from the analysis of muscle activities during sleep at night that the S3 splint was superior to the S6 splint. Int J Prosthodont 2008;21:116120.

Full Text PDF File | Order Article


Get Adobe Reader
Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view PDF files. This is a free program available from the Adobe web site.
Follow the download directions on the Adobe web site to get your copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader.
  © 2017 Quintessence Publishing Co Inc

Home | Subscription Services | Books | Journals | Multimedia | Events | Blog
Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | About Us | Contact Us | Advertising | Help | Sitemap | Catalog