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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: IJP
The International Journal of Prosthodontics

Edited by George A. Zarb, BChD, DDS, MS, MS, FRCD(C)

ISSN 0893-2174

Publication:
January/February 2001
Volume 14 , Issue 1

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Influence of Posts and Cores on Light Transmission Through Different All-Ceramic Crowns: Spectrophotometric and Clinical Evaluation

Stefano Carossa, MD, DDS, Stefano Lombardo, DDS, Paolo Pera, MD, DDS, Massimo Corsalini, MD, DDS, Maria Luisa Rastello, PhD, Giulio Preti, MD, DDS

Pages: 914
PMID: 11842913

Purpose: The influence of different types of posts and cores on light transmission through all-ceramic crowns was assessed by spectrophotometric analysis and clinical evaluation. Materials and Methods: Three extracted natural teeth were replicated in acrylic resin, with roots prepared to receive standardized posts and cores. Using a silicone impression material as a template, various prosthodontic reconstructions were obtained by combining four types of posts and cores (polished and matte-finished gold alloy, all-ceramic, and ceramized metal alloy) and three types of all-ceramic crowns (IPS-Empress 2 surface-colored, IPS-Empress 2 stratified, and In-Ceram). The spectrophotometric analysis was performed in the dark at 25C. The teeth were backlit with an incandescent lamp at the color temperature of A illuminant and shielded to avoid spurious light entering the spectrophotometer. The transmitted light was analyzed in terms of luminance at four points of the sample surface (cervical, middle, incisal, and proximal). Twelve measurements were performed for the natural teeth, and 144 were performed for the artificial teeth. Results: Natural teeth had the highest luminance. Among all-ceramic crowns, surface-colored IPS-Empress 2 had the highest luminance, and stratified IPS-Empress 2 had the lowest. Regarding posts and cores, the luminance was highest with the all ceramic, lower with the ceramized and the polished gold alloy (which had very similar luminance), and lowest with the matte-finished gold alloy. No significant difference among prosthodontic combinations was detected under clinical observation. Conclusion: The surface-colored glass ceramic (IPS-Empress 2) was the most translucent crown. At the standard crown thickness used, there were small, significant spectrophotometric, but not clinical, differences among the combinations tested. Thesefindings show no esthetic contraindications for the use of polished gold alloy posts and cores with all-ceramic crowns. Int J Prosthodont 2001;14:914.

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