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Volume 19 , Issue 5
September/October 2006

Pages 462466

In Vitro Evaluation of Head and Neck Radiation Shields Used to Reduce Exit Dose

Bahar Dirican, PhD / Julide Ozen, DDS, PhD / Murat Beyzadeoglu, MD / Kaan Oysul, MD / Serdar Surenkok, MD / Cumhur Sipahi, DDS, PhD

PMID: 17323724

Purpose: To determine the optimal thickness of protective oral radiation shields composed of an acrylic resin stent and a lead shield, which are used in head and neck radiotherapy to minimize undesired normal tissue radiomorbidity. Materials and Methods: Intraoral acrylic resin stents and lead shields of different thicknesses were inserted into a specially designed human mandible phantom with thermoluminescent lithium fluoride dosimeter chips (TLD-100) placed on the buccal and lingual sites and exposed to irradiation of different energies. Fifty-cGy irradiation was performed and TLD-100 dose measurements were obtained for each irradiation type, acrylic resin stent thickness, and lead shield thickness. Results: Acrylic resin stents with a 2-mm lead shield reduced 20% and 15% of the normal tissue dose for Co-60 and 6 MV X photon radiations, respectively, whereas the stents with a 4-mm lead shield achieved a higher reduction of the normal tissue dose (30% and 23% for Co-60 and 6 MV X photons, respectively). Conclusion: In protective oral radiation shields, acrylic resin stent thickness has little effect on the reduction of normal tissue dose, but lead shield thickness significantly effects the reduction of normal tissue dose. Int J Prosthodont 2006;19:462466.

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