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Volume 18 , Issue 1
January/February 2005

Pages 34–39

5-Year Follow-up of a Prospective Clinical Study on Various Types of Core Restorations

Nico H. J. Creugers, DDS, PhD/Arno G. M. Mentink, DDS, PhD/Wietske A. Fokkinga, DDS/Cees M. Kreulen, DDS, PhD

PMID: 15754890

Purpose: This study tested whether: (1) the survival rate of cast post-and-core restorations is better than the survival of direct post-and-core restorations and post-free all-composite cores; and (2) the survival of these buildup restorations is influenced by the remaining dentin height after preparation. Materials and Methods: In a clinical trial, 18 operators made 319 core restorations in 249 patients. The restorations involved were: (1) cast post-and-core restorations; (2) direct post and composite core restorations; and (3) post-free all-composite cores. All restorations were made under single porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns. Treatments were allocated after dentin height assessment using balanced drawing. Failures were registered during a 5-year period. Results: Fifteen restorations failed during the follow-up period. Five failures occurred during the first month; they were considered to be independent from clinical aging and excluded from further survival assessments. The overall survival was 96% ± 2%. No difference was found between the survivals of the different types of restorations. The factor “remaining dentin height” appeared to have a significant effect on the survival of post-and-core restorations (98% ± 2% survival for “substantial dentin height” vs 93% ± 3% for “minimal dentin height”). Conclusion: The type of post and core was not relevant with respect to survival. The amount of remaining dentin height after preparation influenced the longevity of a post-and-core restoration. Int J Prosthodont 2005;18:34–39.

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