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Volume 29 , Issue 3
May/June 2016

Pages 274–276


Comparison of Skeletal and Dental Reference Planes with the Hamulus-Incisive-Papilla Plane: A Pilot Study on 3D Reconstructed Tomographies of the Skull

Elisabeth Pittschieler, DMD/Andrea Foltin, DMD/Frank Falkensammer, DMD, PhD/Michael Figl, Priv Doz, BS, MS/Wolfgang Birkfellner, BS, MS/Erwin Jonke, DMD, MD/Hans-Peter Bantleon, MD


PMID: 27148989
DOI: 10.11607/ijp.4560

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the hamulus-incisive-papilla (HIP) plane as an alternative for transferring the three-dimensional position of a patient’s maxilla to an articulator. Materials and Methods: Camper, Frankfurt horizontal, occlusal, and HIP planes were evaluated in 21 patients’ computed tomography scans and compared to one another. Results: Analysis of variance showed significant differences between all planes, with the HIP plane being closest to the occlusal plane (HIP-OP: 0.6 ± 4.0 degrees). Frankfurt and Camper planes, being more peripheral, showed higher geometric asymmetries. Conclusion: The HIP plane, when used for articulator mounting, results in a closer and more technically reliable patient relationship in a clinical and laboratory context.


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