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Volume 17 , Issue 6
November/December 2004

Pages 680 - 685

An Innovative Method for Evaluation of the 3-D Internal Fit of CAD/CAM Crowns Fabricated After Direct Optical Versus Indirect Laser Scan Digitizing

Ralph G. Luthardt, PD Dr Med Dent Habil/Gido Bornemann, Dr Med Dent/Susanne Lemelson, Dr Med Dent/ Michael H. Walter, Dr Med Dent/Alfons Hls, Dr Med, Dr Med Dent

PMID: 15686096

Purpose: A procedure for 3-D analysis of the internal fit of fixed restorations has been developed. This study tested this method for investigating the fit of all-ceramic crowns. Materials and Methods: Twelve data sets of a prepared maxillary canine were acquired by direct digitizing of the metal master die (CEREC 3 camera) and by digitizing gypsum dies after conventional impression taking (CEREC 3 scan), respectively. Using these data sets, 24 all-ceramic single crowns each were machined out of two glass-ceramics. The method is based on duplicated gypsum dies of the metal master, which were made for each crown. The space between the duplicate die and the internal surface of the respective crown was filled with a low-viscosity addition silicone. These silicone films (replicas) and their corresponding dies were digitized in the same measuring position. The internal fit was calculated and quantitatively and qualitatively analyzed. Results: The mean and maximum positive deviations were 348 m and 986 m (camera), respectively, and 294 m and 830 m (scan), respectively, for Vitablocs Mk II and 332 m and 920 m (camera), respectively, and 307 m and 852 m (scan), respectively, for ProCAD. For both systems, the deviations were highest at the edges. CEREC scan yielded significantly better internal fit accuracy compared to the CEREC camera. Conclusion: Evaluation of the internal 3-D fit using the innovative method proved to be suitable. Indirect data acquisition using impression taking showed improved internal fit compared with the direct procedure. However, the differences between the data-acquisition techniques are small compared to their absolute values.

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