LOGIN
 
Share Page:
Back

Volume 27 , Issue 4
July/August 2014

Pages 348–354


Dental Appearance and Personality Trait Judgment of Elderly Persons

Elena Duvernay, DMD/Murali Srinivasan, BDS, MDS, MBA/Luiza Diana Legrand, DMD/François R. Herrmann, MD, MPH/Nicole von Steinbüchel, Prof Dr Hum Biol, Dipl Psych/Frauke Müller, Dr Med Dent Habil


PMID: 25010878
DOI: 10.11607/ijp.3813

Purpose: The study aimed to investigate the personality judgments made by observers of elderly individuals with different dental appearances. Materials and Methods: A random sample of 120 elderly (57 men, 63 women; third age: n = 51, mean age: 68.6 ± 5.0 years; fourth age: n = 69, mean age: 85.8 ± 3.0 years) and 120 young (54 men, 66 women; mean age: 24.9 ± 3.5 years) subjects were included. Decayed, natural, and ideal dental appearances were simulated on photographs of an elderly man and woman. Participants were asked to judge the personality traits of two randomly selected photographs. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Results: Both groups judged the photographs similarly by attributing a higher social class to the individuals with an ideal dental appearance (elderly group: P = .0295 for the male subject, P = .0420 for the female subject; young group: P = .0003 for the male subject, P = .0042 for the female subject). This difference was less obvious when only the third-age participants were analyzed; they attributed a higher social class to the photograph of the man with a natural dental appearance than to the man with decayed and ideal appearances (P = .0322 and P = .0092, respectively) and lower intellectual capacities to the woman with a decayed appearance (P = .0351). The fourth-age subgroup made no such distinction. Conclusions: Personality judgments made by young and elderly persons are influenced by dental appearance. However, in the very old subgroup, no such influence could be verified. Dental esthetics should not be neglected in dental care for elderly patients. Int J Prosthodont 2014;27:348–354. doi: 10.11607/ijp.3813


Full Text PDF File | Order Article

 

 
Get Adobe Reader
Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view PDF files. This is a free program available from the Adobe web site.
Follow the download directions on the Adobe web site to get your copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader.

 

© 2017 Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc

IJP Home
Current Issue
Ahead of Print
Archive
Author Guidelines
About
Accepted Manuscripts
Submission Form
Submit
Reprints
Permission
Advertising
Quintessence Home
Terms of Use
Privacy Policy
About Us
Contact Us
Help