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Volume 26 , Issue 3
May/June 2013

Pages 260264

A Retrospective Comparative 8-Year Study of Cumulative Complications in Teeth Adjacent to Both Natural and Implant-Supported Fixed Partial Dentures

Seiya Yamazaki, DDS, PhD/Hikaru Arakawa, DDS, PhD/Kenji Maekawa, DDS, PhD/Kinji Noda, DDS, PhD/Emilio Satoshi Hara, DDS/Hajime Minakuchi, DDS, PhD/Wataru Sonoyama, DDS, PhD/Yoshizo Matsuka, DDS, PhD/Takuo Kuboki, DDS, PhD

PMID: 23626980
DOI: 10.11607/ijp.3120

Purpose: To compare the complication rate of natural teeth adjacent to implantsupported dentures (IFDs) with that of teeth serving as abutments for fixed partial dentures (FPDs). The second goal was to assess the risk factors for complications in teeth adjacent to bounded edentulous spaces. Materials and Methods: The study subjects were selected from patients who received prosthodontic treatment for their bounded edentulous space not exceeding two missing teeth between February 1990 and March 2007. Sixty-one patients were included in the IFD group and 66 patients were included in the FPD group. Tooth complications were defined as tooth extraction, periodontal lesion, periapical lesion, and loss of prosthesis and were assessed by one examiner based on dental records. Results: The 8-year cumulative complication rate for the IFD group (7.9%) was significantly lower than for the FPD group (40.7%). Additionally, the 8-year cumulative complication rate of vital teeth (6%) was significantly lower than that of nonvital teeth (45.9%). A cox proportional hazard analysis revealed that nonvitality of dental pulp was a significant risk factor for tooth complications, whereas treatment modality was not. Conclusions: Teeth adjacent to IFD-treated edentulous spaces presented fewer complications than natural teeth serving as abutments for FPDs. Conservation of teeth adjacent to edentulous spaces as vital teeth was the key finding to limit further tooth loss. Int J Prosthodont 2013;26:260264. doi: 10.11607/ijp.3120

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