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Volume 25 , Issue 3
May/June 2012

Pages 294-300

Zirconia Versus Metal: A Preliminary Comparative Analysis of Ceramic Veneer Behavior

Rubén Agustín-Panadero/Antonio Fons-Font/Juan Luis Román-Rodríguez/María Granell-Ruíz/Jamie del Rio-Highsmith/María Fernanda Solá-Ruíz

PMID: 22545261

Purpose: Clinical studies have revealed a high rate of fracture for porcelain-veneered zirconia-based restorations that varies between 6% and 15% over a 3- to 5-year period. These are high values compared to the 4% fracture rate shown by conventional metal-ceramic restorations over 10 years. To date, little in vitro research has been carried out on the fracture resistance of the new generation of ceramic crowns. The aims of this study were to develop preliminary research on the mechanical failure behavior of three types of porcelain-veneered crowns with zirconia cores when subjected to static compressive loading and to analyze fracture characteristics using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Materials and Methods: Eighty individual full-coverage crowns were studied: 60 crowns with a zirconia core and 20 with a metal core (control). Results: Values obtained in compressive testing were as follows: ZirPress: 1,818.01 N, ZirCAD: 1,773.92 N, Lava: 2,210.95 N, and metal-ceramic (control): 2,310.49 N. SEM analysis revealed that 71.66% of zirconia-based restoration mechanical failures were cohesive, while 100% of mechanical failures for metal-ceramic restorations were adhesive. Conclusions: The mechanical behavior of the porcelain veneering on a zirconia core is more fragile than that on metal-ceramic crowns, and when load forces exerted on these restorations lead to mechanical failure, this will occur in the interior of the porcelain veneering. Int J Prosthodont 2012;25:294–300.

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