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ENDO - Endodontic Practice Today

Edited by Bun San Chong and Edgar Schäfer

Official Publication of the Belgian Association for Endodontology and Traumatology (BAET) and the French Society of Endodontics (SFE)

ISSN (print) 1753-2809 • ISSN (online) 1753-2817


Spring 2009
Volume 3 , Issue 1

Pages: 61-65
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Adaptation of the patency instrument to the apical foramen: a scanning electron microscopic investigation

Fonseca, Oswaldo HS / Lopes, Hélio P / Moreira, Edson JL / Sampaio-Filho, Hélio R / Siqueira Jr, José F

The establishment of apical foramen patency and its maintenance during chemomechanical preparation has been considered an important step in the cleaning and disinfection of the apical part of the root canal. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the adaptation of endodontic files to the apical foramen of extracted teeth using scanning electron microscopy. Twenty mandibular first premolars were divided into two groups. In group 1, adaptation to the apical foramen was examined by taking note of the first file to bind in the canal when moved 1 mm beyond the foramen. In group 2, adaptation was evaluated using a file one size larger than that of group 1. Files were fixed in the canal and adaptation to the contour of the apical foramen was examined under a scanning electron microscope. The area occupied by the file in relation to the foramen area was also calculated. Findings demonstrated that no instrument, regardless of the group, adapted to the apical foramen. The foraminal area occupied by the instrument cross-section ranged from 7% to 54%. Lack of adaptation was due to the much larger diameter of the apical foramen and/or its irregular shape in relation to the patency file. Keywords: apical foramen, dental anatomy, endodontic treatment, patency files, root canal preparation

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