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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: ENDO


ENDO - Endodontic Practice Today

Edited by Antionio Bonaccorso, Bun San Chong, Edgar Schafer, and Luc van der Sluis

Official Publication of the Belgian Association for Endodontology and Traumatology (BAET), the French Society of Endodontics (SFE) and the Norwegian Endodontic Society (NEF)

ISSN (print) 1753-2809 • ISSN (online) 1753-2817


Spring 2007
Volume 1 , Issue 1

Pages: 37-44
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Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and endodontics: a review

Bürklein, Sebastian / Schäfer, Edgar

Due to the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), HIV infection has gradually become more of a chronic immunodeficiency disease. In response to HAART, the CD4 cell count, in most cases, increases and thereby the HIV-infected patients are at a lower risk of developing opportunistic infections; this leads to an enhanced quality of life and a reduced mortality. Therefore, nowadays, the endodontist is more likely to encounter an HIV-infected patient in need of endodontic treatment. Unfortunately there is a lack of guidelines for the treatment of HIV-infected or AIDS patients. The intention of this overview is to evaluate current knowledge regarding endodontic treatment and its outcome in HIV-infected patients.

Keywords: AIDS, CD4 cell count, HAART, infection control, Kaposi’s sarcoma, prophylactic antibiotic treatment, treatment outcome

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