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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: ENDO

 

ENDO - Endodontic Practice Today

Edited by Antionio Bonaccorso, Bun San Chong, Edgar Schafer, and Luc van der Sluis

Official Publication of the Belgian Association for Endodontology and Traumatology (BAET), the French Society of Endodontics (SFE) and the Norwegian Endodontic Society (NEF)

ISSN (print) 1753-2809 • ISSN (online) 1753-2817

Publication:

Fall 2012
Volume 6 , Issue 3



Pages: 183 - 188
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Comparative evaluation between radiographic and electronic methods to determine the working length

Aguiar, Carlos Menezes / Lima, Grasiele de Assis da Costa / Camara, Andréa Cruz

Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate in vitro the accuracy of the Mini Apex Locator (Sybron-Kerr, Romulus, USA), Novapex (Forum Technologies, Rishon Le-zion, Israel) and ProPex II (Dentsply-Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) electronic apex locators compared with the radiographic method to determine the working length.
Methodology: The mesiobuccal root canals of 30 extracted human mandibular first molars were used. The actual length was determined visually under magnification. A glass container was filled with sterile 0.9% NaCl solution and the specimens were fixed to a plastic bar using acrylic resin. The apical constriction of the teeth was determined with three electronic apex locators and radiographically. The same procedures were performed 1 mm short of the apical foramen. Each measurement was repeated three times and the mean value computed. These values were tabulated for comparison with the measurements obtained by the electronic and radiographic methods with the actual length. Data were analysed statistically by McNemar test at the 5% significance level.
Results: The highest coincidence percentage was found with the ProPex II device (83.0%), followed by the radiographic method (46.7%), Novapex (30%), and Mini Apex Locator (13.3%) in relation to the visual determination of the apical constriction. At 1 mm short of the apical foramen, the highest coincidence percentage occurred with the ProPex II device (80.0%), radiographic method (56.7%), Novapex (26.7%), and Mini Apex Locator (6.7%). There were statistically significant differences between the methods used.
Conclusions: ProPex II showed the highest accuracy in determining the working length, followed by the radiographic method, Novapex and Mini Apex Locator.

Keywords: apical constriction, electronic apex locator, ProPex II, radiography, working length determination

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