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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: EJOI

 

European Journal of Oral Implantology

Editor in Chief: Dr. Marco Esposito

Official publication of the British Society of Oral Implantology (BSOI) and the Dutch Society of Oral Implantology (NVOI)

ISSN (print) 1756-2406 • ISSN (online) 1756-2414

Publication:

Spring 2008
Volume 1 , Issue 1

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Outcome of dental implants in partially edentulous patients with and without a history of periodontitis: a 5-year interim analysis of a cohort study

Gatti, Claudio/Gatti, Fulvio/Chiapasco, Matteo/Esposito, Marco

Purpose: To evaluate the outcome of dental implants placed in partially edentulous patients with a history of severe periodontitis (SP), moderate periodontitis (MP) and no periodontitis (NP). Materials and methods: Sixty-two partially edentulous patients were consecutively enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into three groups according to their initial periodontal conditions, assessed with a modified Periodontal Screening and Recording (PSR) index: 26 patients were in the SP group, 7 in the MP group, and 29 in the NP group. Patients requiring periodontal treatment were treated prior to implantation. Various dental implants and procedures were used. In the SP group 129 implants were placed, 26 were placed in the MP group, and 72 in the NP group. Outcome measures were prosthetic success, implant survival, prevalence of peri-implantitis and mean peri-implant bone level changes on periapical radiographs. Results: Six patients dropped out, two from each group, at 5 years. Two implants and their prosthesis failed with peri-implantitis in one patient and two implants were successfully treated for periimplantitis in another patient in the SP group. After 5 years, patients affected by SP and MP lost on average twice the amount of peri-implant bone compared with healthy patients (2.6 mm versus 1.2 mm). This difference was highly statistically significant. Conclusions: Patients with a history of SP and MP lose more peri-implant bone than periodontally healthy patients and might be at higher risk for peri-implantitis and implant failures.

Keywords: bone level, dental implant, peri-implantitis, periodontitis, prognosis

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