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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: EJOI

 

European Journal of Oral Implantology

Editor in Chief: Dr. Marco Esposito

Official publication of the British Society of Oral Implantology (BSOI), Italian Society of Oral Surgery and Implantology (SICOI), Danish Society for Oral Implantology (DSOI), German Association of Oral Implantology (DGI), Spanish Society of Implantology (SEI), British Academy of Implant & Restorative Dentistry (BAIRD) and Advanced Dental Implant Research & Education Center (AIC)

ISSN (print) 1756-2406 • ISSN (online) 1756-2414

Publication:

Fall 2013
Volume 6 , Issue 3

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A 3-year report from a multicentre randomised controlled trial: immediately versus early loaded implants in partially edentulous patients

Grandi, Tommaso / Guazzi, Paolo / Samarani, Rawad / Grandi, Giovanni

Pages: 217-224

Purpose: To compare implant failure, prosthesis failure and radiographic bone level changes of immediate non-occlusal loading versus early loading in partially edentulous patients 3 years after implant placement.
Materials and methods: A total of 80 patients with partial edentulism were selected for a two implant-supported immediate restoration and randomised to immediate loading (test group) or early loading (control group) after 2 months, 40 patients for each group. To be included in the study, implants had to be inserted with a torque ≥30 Ncm. In the test group, implants were provided with non-occluding temporary restorations. In the control group, healing abutments were attached and implants were left to heal nonsubmerged. Definitive prostheses were delivered 2 months after surgery with full occlusal contacts. The outcome variables were implant failure, prosthesis failure, complications and radiographic bone level changes at implants 3 years after loading. The assessor was blinded to group assignment.
Results: Eighty-one implants were immediately loaded and 80 were early loaded. Two immediately loaded patients and 1 early loaded patient dropped out at 3 years. No implant failed. Two complications occurred in the immediate loading group and 1 in the early loading group. There were no significant differences in bone levels changes at 36 months between the two groups (P = 0.67; difference 0.2 mm; 95% CI -0.23, 0.63). Immediately loaded implants lost 0.90 mm (95% CI 0.63, 1.17) and early loaded implants 1.10 mm (95% CI 0.81, 1.39).
Conclusion: If adequate primary stability was achieved, no statistically significant difference in failure rates, complications or bone level changes between implants loaded immediately or early were observed 3 years after placement in partially edentulous patients.

Keywords: dental implants, early loading, follow-up, immediate loading, partial edentulism

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