Home Subscription Services
 
   

 
The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
EJED Home Page
About the Editor
Editorial Board
Submit
Author Guidelines
Submission Form
Reprints / Articles
Permissions
Advertising
MEDLINE Search
Official Site
 
 
 
 
 
FacebookTwitter
Quintessence Publishing: Journals: EJOI

 

European Journal of Oral Implantology

Editor in Chief: Dr. Marco Esposito

Official publication of the British Society of Oral Implantology (BSOI) and the Dutch Society of Oral Implantology (NVOI)

ISSN (print) 1756-2406 • ISSN (online) 1756-2414

Publication:

Supplement 2012
Volume 5 , Issue 0

Back
Share Abstract:

The impact of genotypes and immune reactivity on peri-implant inflammation: identification and therapeutic use of anti-inflammatory drugs and immunomodulators

Van Dyke, Thomas E.

Pages: 51 - 60

Purpose: Peri-implantitis is a growing problem because of the increasing number of patients rehabilitated with oral implants. Predictors of susceptibility to peri-implantitis and pharmacological agents for the treatment of inflammatory peri-implantitis are of significant interest to the practicing community. The goal of this paper is to review the current literature relating to the impact of genotypes and immune reactivity on peri-implant inflammation and to identify the potential use of anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory drugs. Materials and methods: A MEDLINE search of the relevant literature was performed and all related articles were evaluated. Results: There was little support in the literature for a specific genotype or phenotype of immune reactivity that could be reliably used as an indicator of susceptibility to peri-implant disease. Furthermore, no currently available anti-inflammatory drugs were identified that could be used long term for the treatment of inflammatory peri-implantitis. New pathways for the control of inflammation have been identified that have the potential for new pharmacologic therapies. The basis for these new discoveries is reviewed in some detail. Conclusions: While there are varying reports of associations of specific genotypes with peri-implantitis, the studies are inconsistent and generally underpowered precluding any interpretable pattern. Inflammatory peri-implantitis is associated with increased local inflammation, but no consistent systemic inflammatory markers have been identified. To date, no safe and effective anti-inflammatory therapy is known for the treatment of peri-implantitis. However, a new class of molecules in development for the active regulation and resolution of inflammation shows theoretical promise for the treatment of inflammatory lesions. Keywords: genetic markers, inflammation, lipoxins, peri-implantitis, resolvins

Full Text PDF File | Order Article

 

 
  © 2014 Quintessence Publishing Co Inc
 

Home | Subscription Services | Books | Journals | Multimedia | Events | Blog
Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | About Us | Contact Us | Advertising | Help | Sitemap | Catalog