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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: EJOI

 

European Journal of Oral Implantology

Editor in Chief: Dr. Marco Esposito

Official publication of the British Society of Oral Implantology (BSOI), Italian Society of Oral Surgery and Implantology (SICOI), Danish Society for Oral Implantology (DSOI), German Association of Oral Implantology (DGI), Spanish Society of Implantology (SEI), British Academy of Implant & Restorative Dentistry (BAIRD) and Advanced Dental Implant Research & Education Center (AIC)

ISSN (print) 1756-2406 • ISSN (online) 1756-2414

Publication:

Winter 2011
Volume 4 , Issue 4

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Short (5 and 7 mm long) porous implant in the posterior atrophic mandible: a 5-year report of a prospective study

Perelli, Michele / Abundo, Roberto / Corrente, Giuseppe / Saccone, Carlo

Purpose: The aim of this ongoing prospective study was to determine the 5-year survival rate of short porous implants in the posterior atrophic mandible.
Materials and methods: In 40 partially edentulous patients, 55 short porous implants were placed. The implants used were of two lengths (5 and 7 mm) and two different diameters (4.1 and 5 mm) and were chosen according to the available crestal height and width. The unloaded healing period was 4 months. Twenty-one implants were restored with single crowns, 32 were splinted to the adjacent implant, 2 were used with an overdenture and were followed for 5 years. Outcome measures were prosthesis failures, implant failures and complications.
Results: No patients dropped out. Nine implants were removed: 1 implant at uncovering and 8 after prosthetic loading. Eight patients lost 1 implant and 1 patient lost 2 implants. Four crowns failed. No complications occurred during the healing period. In 2 patients severe peri-implantitis occurred after loading and the implants had to be removed. At the end of the follow-up period the survival rate was 84% at implant level and 80% at patient level.
Conclusions: The use of short porous implants showed an acceptable clinical outcome in the treatment of the posterior mandible in this interim 5-year report. These preliminary results must be confirmed by longer follow-ups.

Keywords: implant prosthesis, posterior mandible, short dental implants

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