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The International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry

Edited by Alessandro Devigus, DMD

Official publication of the European Academy of Esthetic Dentistry, the Arabian Academy of Esthetic Dentistry, the British Academy of Aesthetic Dentistry, the Hellenic Academy of Esthetic Dentistry, the Scandinavian Academy of Esthetic Dentistry and the South African Academy of Aesthetic Dentistry

ISSN 1862-0612


Winter 2016
Volume 11 , Issue 4

Share Abstract:

Association between the central papilla and embrasure crown morphology in different gingival biotypes – a cross-sectional study

Abhay Kolte, MDS / Rajashri Kolte, MDS / Girish Bodhare, BDS

Pages: 550–563
PMID: 27730224

BACKGROUND: The presence of an interproximal gingival (central) papilla is of prime importance and an essential component of a harmonious and pleasing smile. The aim of this study was to determine the association between the presence of a central papilla and embrasure and crown morphology.

METHODS: The study was conducted on 200 periodontally healthy patients. Parameters such a central papilla presence, gingival thickness, crown length, crown width, contact surface, radiographic assessment of bone crest to contact point (BC-CP), and interdental width (IDW) in maxillary central incisor embrasure morphology were recorded.

RESULTS: A statistically strong significance (P = 0.001) was found for the presence of a central papilla, which was 100% in squarish crown morphology and reduced for tapered squarish and triangular crown forms. A gingival biotype with a thickness of 1.5 to 2.0 mm exhibited a central papilla presence of 88.46%. All the interdental variables were significantly related to the presence of a central papilla, with BC-CP distance and IDW demonstrating a high significance (P < 0.0001).

CONCLUSION: In relation to the maxillary central incisors, the crown and embrasure morphologies have a strong influence over the presence of a central papilla.

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