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Chinese Journal of Dental Research

Year 1998
Volume 1 , Issue 3

Pages: 21 - 25

An Experimental Study on rhBMP-2 Composite Bone Substitute for Repairing Craniomaxillary Bone Defects


Objective: To measure bone regenerative effects in animal calvarial or mandibular critical-size defects using recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-s) combined with four selected carriers. Materials and Methods: The composite bone grafts were obtained by combining rhBMP-2 with chitin, coral, coral-based porous HA (CHA), and xenogeneic cancellous bone, respectively. These materials were implanted on the calvarial or mandibular defect of rabbits and on the calvarial defect of rats. Each carrier material was also studied as a control group. The animals were examined 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks after implantation by radiography, histology (under light microscope and scanning electron microscope), immunohistochemistry, and biomechanics. Results: The results showed that the composite graft was absorbed gradually after it was implanted into the defect, during which time new bone was formed within the combined material in the defect site; the amount of new bone increased as time elapsed. At 12 weeks the composite was replaced completely by bone except in the CHA group. In contrast, a large amount of fibrous tissue, and little new bone, formed on the area of the bonde-defect when the carrier material alone was implanted. Conclusions: All materials tested seem to be suitable carriers for rhBMP-2, which plays a very important role in new bone formation. These composite bone substitutes may be ideal materials for repairing various bone defects in the craniomaxillofacial region.



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