Aggressive periodontitis comprises a group of rare, often severe, rapidly progressive forms of periodontitis mostly characterised by an early age of clinical manifestation and a distinctive tendency for cases to aggregate in families. This case report presents a 16-year-old female patient with clinical and radiographic evidence of severe attachment loss, whose mother was also a patient with severe periodontal destruction. The girl was diagnosed with generalised aggressive periodontitis and received full-mouth scaling and root planing, bone graft surgeries and guided tissue regeneration on intrabony defects mesial of the mandibular first molars. Microbiological and immunological tests were performed on five selected sites before and at 2 months after initial therapy. Clinical and radiographic findings reported up to 4 years postoperatively indicated good effects and stability of treatment outcome.
Keywords: aggressive periodontitis, periodontal initial therapy, bone graft surgery, guided tissue regeneration