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The International Journal of Adult Orthodontics & Orthogathic Surgery
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International Journal of Adult Orthodontics and Orthognathic Surgery

Year 2000
Volume 15 , Issue 2

Pages: 83 - 95

Long-term stability of mandibular setback surgery: A follow-up of 80 bilateral sagittal split osteotomy patients

Karim A. Mobarak, BDS, MDS/Olaf Krogstad, DDS, PhD/Lisen Espeland, DDS, PhD/Torstein Lyberg, DDS, MD, PhD

The objective of this cephalometric study was to evaluate skeletal stability and time course of postoperative changes in 80 consecutive mandibular prognathism patients operated with bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) and rigid fixation. Lateral cephalograms were taken on 6 occasions: immediately preoperative, immediately postoperative, 2 and 6 months postoperative, and 1 and 3 years postoperative. The results indicate that BSSO with rigid fixation for mandibular setback is a fairly stable clinical procedure. Three years after surgery, mean relapse at pogonion represented 26% of the surgical setback (19% at point B). Most of the relapse (72%) took place during the first 6 months after surgery. Clockwise rotation of the ascending ramus at surgery with lengthening of the elevator muscles, though evident in this study and apparently responsible for the early horizontal postoperative changes, does not seem to be associated with marked relapse. Changes occurring in some of the younger patients between 1 and 3 years postoperatively are likely to be manifestations of late mandibular growth.


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