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The International Journal of Adult Orthodontics & Orthogathic Surgery
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International Journal of Adult Orthodontics and Orthognathic Surgery

Year 1997
Volume 12 , Issue 2

Pages: 135 - 143

The arc index in evaluation of Class III malocculsion


Lateral cephalometric radiographs were obtained for 46 individuals (18 men and 28 women) aged 20 to 30 years. The sample consisted of Taiwanese with Class III malocculsions and prognathic facial profiles. A modification of the Sassouni arch analysis was used to evaluate this group. All parameters were compared with the norms for adult Taiwanese. The facial pattern of the Class III group was similar to that reported in other studies. The maxilla was in a retrusive position; the lengths of the maxilla and the mandible were significantly different from those in the normal group; the mandibular central incisor was retroinclined; and the total gonial angle, upper gonial angle, and lower gonial angle in the Class III group were significantly different from those angles in the normal group in both sexes. The arc index represented the maxillomandibular positional relationship. There was a statistically significant difference between the mean arc indexes of the Class III and the normal groups. The results indicated that the more negative the arc index, the greater the Class III tendency.


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