Home Subscription Services

The International Journal of Adult Orthodontics & Orthogathic Surgery
AOOS Home Page
About the Editor
Reprints / Articles

International Journal of Adult Orthodontics and Orthognathic Surgery

Year 1988
Volume 3 , Issue 4

Pages: 233 - 239

The influence of facial animation on smile characteristics

Rigsbee, III/Sperry/BeGole

Changes in the orofacial soft tissue after the movement from repose to smiling was studied from standardized photographs of a group of 101 young adults to determine norms for distension of the nose, lips, and chin during smiling. Categorical comparisons of facial animation and lip-tooth display were then made between male and female and between untreated and orthodontically treated subgroups. For the total sample, the nose increased in width by 14% and the tip moved inferiorly. The upper lip elevated to 80% of its original length to display 10 mm of maxillary incisor. Mouth width increased to 130% of its original width, and the lips separated approximately 12 mm. In general, women exhibited a greater degree of facial animation than men. Orthodontically treated subjects displayed more maxillary incisor and gingiva than the untreated group, but did not exhibit a greater degree of facial animation than the untreated group. The percentage of upper lip elevation was found to be responsible for less than 10% of the variability in maxillary incisor exposure during a smile.


  © 2017 Quintessence Publishing Co Inc

Home | Subscription Services | Books | Journals | Multimedia | Events | Blog
Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | About Us | Contact Us | Advertising | Help | Sitemap | Catalog