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The International Journal of Adult Orthodontics & Orthognathic Surgery
(Published from 1986-2002)

Edited by Robert L. Vanarsdall, DDS and Raymond P. White, Jr, DDS, PhD

Continued by World Journal of Orthodontics.

ISSN 0742-1931

Publication:
The International Adult Orthodontics & Orthognathic Surgery
September
Volume 16, Issue 4

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Finite element analysis of a tandem screw configuration in sagittal split osteotomy using biodegradable osteosynthesis screws

Peter Maurer MD,DDS, Johannes Schubert MD, DDS, Siegfried Holweg, Dr Ing,

The goal of the present study was to determine the mechanical stability of selected osteosynthesis screws in a paired linear configuration in cases of bilateral sagittal split osteotomy of the mandible. A mandible model was created that consisted of 22,846 elements and 4,879 nodes. The following screws were tested in the tandem screw configuration: the poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) in accordance with Harada and Enomoto, the Isosorb screw (Aesculap, Germany), the BioSorbFX screw (Bionix Implants, Finland), and the Lactosorb screw(W.L. Lorenz, USA).The mechanical parameters of the materials studied were adopted from the literature or were based on manufacturer information. With the precondition that the materials each be stressed to the ultimate tensile strength, the following chewing forces could be neutralized: 100 N by 2.0-mm titanium mini-screws, 117.5 N by PLLA screws in accordance with Harada and Enomoto, 90.0 N by Isosorb screws, 89.0 N by BioSorbFX screws, and 35.0 N by Lactosorb screws. Here the peri-implant bone was stressed within limiting values with the titanium miniscrew, and the PLLA screw according to Harada and Enomoto, but not the osteosynthesis material itself. The finite element method (FEM) appears suitable for simulating complex mechanical stress situations in the maxillofacial area. As a result, significant time and materials (animal tests) can be saved when developing new or modified materials and techniques. (Int J Adult Orthod Orthognath Surg 2001;16:300304)

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