The Oral Microbiome and Systemic Health
Wenche S. Borgnakke, DDS, MPH, PhDFriday, February 7
11:30 am - 12:15 pm
Collectively, the microorganisms in the oral cavity have been referred to as the oral microflora, oral microbiota, or, more recently, the oral microbiome. Our understanding of the human oral microbiome is in a revolutionary phase of development to the point of science having to rethink and rewrite most of what was hitherto known. High-throughput genetic-based assays and powerful, novel bioinformatics tools recently made it possible to comprehensively survey the human oral microbiome to identify and determine the prevalence of previously unknown or not culturable organisms. The ability to fully describe the microbiome that inhabits the human body, including the oral microbiome, suggests a need to restudy these flora and their relationships with health and disease. With these new methods, the role of the oral microbiome in periodontal disease and in diseases and conditions associated with periodontal disease is currently being studied. Evidence will be presented for systemic diseases and conditions that implicate oral organisms.