This volume shows how osseointegrated implants can be removed using the reverse torque technique in three patients. With this low-trauma technique—often done with a flapless procedure—osseointegration is fractured at the bone-implant interface using special instruments that are turned in a counterclockwise direction. Because esthetic failures are often characterized by a lack of keratinized mucosa, grafting with full-thickness mucosal grafts is performed for one patient with simultaneous implant removal.
27 min; Format: NTSC (PAL also available: please specify)
ISBN: 978-1-78698-012-0; 9781786980120